Monday, May 27, 2024

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IPCMODEL ANSWER

ROBBERY VS DACOITY

Explain in detail the difference between the offence of Robbery given under section 390 of Indian Penal Code, 1860 and the offence of Dacoity given under section 391 of Indian Penal Code, 1860.

SR. NOSR. NO. ROBBERY (SECTION 390) DACOITY (SECTION 391)
1According to section 390 of Indian Penal Code, 1860, an offence of robbery can be committed by one accused only.According to section 391 of Indian Penal Code, 1860, an offence of dacoity can be committed by five or more than five accused collectively.
2According to the provisions of Indian Penal Code, 1860, an offence of robbery is less serious offence than dacoity.According to the provisions of Indian Penal Code, 1860, an offence of dacoity is more serious offence than robbery because of the terror that may be caused by the presence of a greater number of offenders.
3According to section 390 of Indian Penal Code, 1860, every robbery includes either theft or extortion because it is an aggravated form of theft or extortion.According to section 391 of Indian Penal Code, 1860, dacoity is an aggravated form of robbery. So, it means that dacoity also includes theft or extortion but it is graver in nature than the offence of theft, extortion or robbery.
4According to the provisions of Indian Penal Code,1860, every robbery is not considered as a dacoity.According to the provisions of Indian Penal Code, 1860, every dacoity is considered as a robbery.
5According to section 392 of Indian Penal Code, 1860, if an accused commits the offence of robbery, then in such a case, he can be punished with rigorous imprisonment for a term which may extend to 10 years and shall also be liable to fine.According to section 395 of Indian Penal Code, 1860, if an accused commits the offence of dacoity, then in such a case, he can be punished with imprisonment for life or with rigorous imprisonment for a term which may extend to 10 years and shall also be liable to fine.
6According to the provisions of Indian Penal Code, 1860, the offence of robbery is triable by Magistrate of First Class.According to the provisions of Indian Penal Code, 1860, the offence of dacoity is triable by Court of session.
  

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